Mood Shifts of Bipolar Disorder
Individuals with Bipolar Disorder have no control over the extreme shifts in mood that they experience. Shifts in mood can go from severe depression to complete mania, as well as milder symptoms of both extremes.
During a milder manic phase (hypomania), individuals often report an ability to be more creative and fuller of ideas but as the symptoms increase, the ideas can come too quickly, and they can become agitated and enraged. They may also sleep less and may feel indestructible. A manic phase will last a week or more and co-exist with at least three other symptoms of mania.
Many individuals with Bipolar Disorder will lapse into a depression following a manic phase. The depression they experience can be so disabling and pervasive that they may refuse to get out of bed. The shift in behavior is often confusing because it is so dramatically different from their earlier elevated state.
Bipolar I Disorder, also referred to as manic depression, causes individuals to experience the extreme highs along with the lows and may suffer from hallucinations and/or delusions, as well. However, those with Bipolar II Disorder suffer more depression and do not experience the extreme highs in their mood, but instead have “hypomania,” which is a milder form of mania without the psychotic features.